Ernest Solvay, philanthrope et initiateur des conférences de physiques mondialement célèbres, découvrit un procédé rentable de fabrication de la soude en 1861. Avec une poignée d’associés, il jeta les bases de l’entreprise Solvay, qui se diversifia ensuite dans la production d’autres produits chimiques, de plastiques et de produits pharmaceutiques. Depuis son émergence en 1863, Solvay a maintenu son leadership mondial dans son métier historique. Cet ouvrage en anglais est la première synthèse académique de l’histoire du groupe Solvay, qui fut l’une des toutes premières multinationales industrielles et qui figure aujourd’hui parmi les leaders mondiaux de la chimie. C’est aussi l’une des plus importantes sociétés à avoir préservé son caractère familial. Les auteurs analysent les 150 ans d’histoire de l’entreprise (1863-2013) des points de vue économique, politique et social, et montrent l’impact considérable des grands bouleversements géopolitiques sur son parcours ainsi que les récentes conséquences de la mondialisation de la concurrence.
This is perhaps the most important European corporate history to be published this century. We knew about Ernest Solvay the philanthropist and the role of his company in the complex of European cartels from other histories, but for the first time we now have a highly professional account from the inside of a company that was the earliest and largest European chemical multinational, yet that remained a successful and well-managed family partnership until its public flotation on the Brussels stock exchange in 1967 and further global expansion and diversification as a public joint stock company." - Professor Leslie Hannah, University of Tokyo.
"Solvay: History of a Multinational Family Firm is a thoroughly researched history of a leading chemical company that deserves to be better known outside Belgium. One of its strengths is the way that all the various facets of Solvay's business (structure, strategy, marketing, technology) are constantly addressed throughout the volume. This is an excellent history of Solvay that will be of great interest to both business historians and historians of chemistry." - Peter Morris, Science Museum, London.
"This scholarly book is the commanding study of one of the largest and oldest chemical enterprises in the world. The well-known authors explain to us Solvay's longevity, challenges, stress, and success. All major aspects of a dynamic enterprise, such as management, technological change, finances, competition, role of the founding family, and even touching sponsorship, are convincingly addressed. While the previous Solvay book lasted for 50 years, this one - based on its excellent quality - will outlive it! - Harm G. Schröter, Professor of Economic History, University of Bergen, Norway, and President of European Business History Association.
"With the publication of this book, an extraordinary instance of scholarly neglect has finally been put right, and in grand style. Based on a vast array of primary evidence, the authors provide a full and multifaceted account of the Solvay company, one of the most long-lived and successful chemical firms in history. The evolving business strategies of this family multinational, its technological development, and its social initiatives are all examined closely, as are the personalities and family dynamics that have shaped its long history." - Raymond G. Stokes, University of Glasgow.
Table des matières
Part I. The Pioneering Years (1863–1914): The Quest for a Leadership and the First Stages of the Internationalization (Nicolas Coupain)
- First steps: when vision and reality meet
- A multinational pioneer
- Reaching a dominant position
- Labor organization, social policy, and societal vision
- The consolidation of power
- Conclusion of Part I
Part II. The Years of Crisis (1914–50): The Making and Unmaking of International Alliances (Kenneth Bertrams)
- The multiple fronts of World War One
- From ashes, 1918–22
- The making of international alliances
- Family and finance through the crisis
- The electrolytic industry
- Facing war again
- Solvay's second post-war
- Conclusion of Part II
Part III. The Era of Diversification and Globalization(1950–2012)(Ernst Homburg)
- Growth through diversification: the successful entry into plastics and peroxides
- Enlarging scale and scope: backward and forward integration in the 1960s and 1970s
- Solvay goes public: financial and organizational limits of a family firm
- The long and winding road to Deer Park: Solvay's return to the United States
- From bulk to brains: Solvay's entry into pharmacy and the life sciences
- Solvay in the age of globalization
- Towards sustainable product-leadership
- Chemical and plastics of the future: major turning points at the start of a new century
- Conclusion of Part III